YOU MUST KNOW #20
Epics and Puranas
Hanuman is mentioned in both the Hindu epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata. A twentieth-century Jesuit missionary Camille Bulcke, in his Ramkatha: Utpatti Aur Vikas (“The tale of Rama: its origin and development”), proposed that Hanuman’s worship had its basis in the cults of aboriginal tribes of Central India.
Hanuman is mentioned in the Puranas. Hanuman is mentioned as an avatar of Rudra in a few medieval-era Sanskrit texts, Only Shiva Purana mentions Hanuman as an avatar of Shiva; all other Puranas and scriptures clearly mention him as an avatar of Vayu or spiritual son of Vayu or sometimes avatar of Rudra (which is also another name of Vayu.
Author Devdutt Patnaik says, “In Vaishnava traditions, Hanuman is not related to Shiva. In Shaiva traditions, Hanuman is either Shiva’s avatar or son”. Indologist Philip Lutgendorf writes, “The later identification of Hanuman as one of the eleven rudras may reflect a Shaiva sectarian claim on an increasing popular god, it also suggests his kinship with, and hence potential control over, a class of awesome and ambivalent deities”.
Lutgendorf also writes, “Other skills in Hanuman’s resume also seem to derive in part from his windy patrimony, reflecting Vayu‘s role in both body and cosmos”.
Other mythologies, such as those found in South India, present Hanuman as a being who is the union of Shiva and Vishnu or associated with the origin of Ayyappa. The 17th century Odia work Rasavinoda by Dinakrishnadasa goes on to mention that the three gods – Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva – combined to take to the form of Hanuman.
Jai Bajrang Bali Ji🙏🙏